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Since the Hermitage website went online in the early 2000s, Dr. Henry Bischoff, the Friends’ director of historic studies, has published three works that discuss specific periods of the history of the Hermitage more extensively and in greater depth. They are:

A Revolutionary Relationship: Theodosia Prevost, Aaron Burr and The Hermitage (2004)

The Rosencrantz Cotton Warp Mill: The Industrial Revolution at The Hermitage, 1830-1891 (co-written with Marion Brown, 2004)

Victorian Gothic: The Rosencrantz Family at The Hermitage, 1807­-1970 (2011)

All three books are available for purchase at the Hermitage Museum Shop. Victorian Gothic can also be purchased online at

Sources Consulted in the Research

Bartow, Evelyn. “The Prevost Family in America.” NYG&BR (January 1882).

___.“The Bartow Family.” EPB (1886).

Becica, John. “George Washington, Elizabeth Watkins, and the ‘Curious Laurel Wreath,’” ms. , 2001.

___. The Revolutionary War in Ho-Ho-Kus: Military Encounters at Hopperstown/Paramus, 1776- 1781. Ho-Ho-Kus, NJ, 1998.

Bergen County Historical Society Papers: Revolutionary War Round Table Papers. Bergen County Historical Society, 1960

Bischoff, Henry. “The Hermitage: An Historical Overview.” Ourstory 6, no. 1 (2000): 10–13.

___. Mahwah and the Ramapo Valley in the American Revolution. Mahwah, NJ, 2000.

___. “Theodosia Bartow Prevost Burr at The Hermitage.” Ourstory 6, no. 1 (2000): 14–17.

Bischoff, Henry, and Mitchell Kahn, From Pioneer Settlement to Suburb: A History of Mahwah, New Jersey, 1700– 1976, South Brunswick, NJ, 1979.

Bogert, Frederick. Paramus: A Chronicle of Four Centuries. Paramus, NJ, 1961.

___. The Revolutionary Years, 1776–1783. Vol. 3 of Bergen County, New Jersey: History and Heritage. Hackensack, NJ, 1983.

Bradhurst, A. Maunsell, My Forefathers: The History from Records and Tradition. London, 1910.

Citizens Semi-Centennial Association. Ridgewood, Bergen County, New Jersey: Past and Present. Ridgewood, NJ, 1916.

Cosgrove, Sean, “The Civil War, Bergen County and The Hermitage.” Ourstory 6, no. 1 (2000): 21–23.

Cumyn, Anna Bartow. The Bartow Family: A Genealogy. Montreal, 1984.

Davis, Mathew. Memoirs of Aaron Burr, vol. 1. New York, 1836.

Dodyk, Delight W. “The First Mistress of the Gothic Revival Hermitage.” Ourstory 6, no. 1 (2000): 24–25.

Fitzpatrick, J. C., ed. The Writings of George Washington, 39 vols. Washington, DC, 1931.

Geissler, Suzanne. “The Burr Family, 1716–1836.” Ph.D. diss., Syracuse University, 1976.

Heusser, Albert. The Forgotten General: Robert Erskine, F.R.S. (1735–1780) Paterson, NJ, 1925

History Committee. The History of a Village: Ridgewood, New Jersey. Ridgewood, NJ.

Ho-Ho-Kus, 1908/1983. Ho-Ho-Kus, NJ, 1983.

Hudson, Sue. Background of Ho-Ho-Kus History. Ho-Ho-Kus, NJ, 1953.

Hurst, Alec J. “George Washington Stepped Here: July 10-14.” Ourstory 6, no. 1 (2000): 18–19.

Keesey, Ruth. “Loyalty and Reprisal: The Loyalists of Bergen County, New Jersey and Their Estates,” Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, New York, 1957.

Leiby, Adrian. The Revolutionary War in the Hackensack Valley. New Brunswick, NJ, 1962.

Livingston, Rosa. The Hermitage, House of Mystery and Intrigue. Ramapo Valley Chapter of the Daughters of the Revolution, 1976.

Lomask, Milton. Aaron Burr: The Years from Princeton to Vice President, 1756–1805. New York, 1979.

Miller, George, ed. The Minutes of the Board of Proprietors of the Eastern Division of New Jersey, vols. 2–3. Perth Amboy, NJ, 1960.

O’Connor, John, William Paterson: Lawyer and Statesman, 1745-1806. New Brunswick, NJ, 1979.

Papers of George Washington. Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Rosenkrans, Allen. The Rosenkrans Family in Europe and America, Newton, NJ, 1900.

Scranton, Philip. Proprietary Capitalism: The Textile Manufacture at Philadelphia, 1800-1885. Cambridge, 1983.

Smith, Dorothy.“Mrs. Prevost Requests the Honor of His Company.” Manuscripts, vol. 11, no. 3 (Fall 1959). 

Steiner, Bernard. Life and Correspondence of James McHenry. Cleveland, 1907

Stillwell, John. Stillwell Geneology, vols. 1–2. New York, 1929–30.

Whiteley, Emily. Washington and His Aides-de-Camp. New York, 1936.

Williams, Edward. “The Prevosts of the Royal Americans.” Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, vol. 56, no. 1 (January 1973).

Manuscripts in the Hermitage History Collection

Alderink, Susan. “The Land of Slavery:’ A History of Slavery in New Jersey.” Student paper, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ, 1998.

Barsa, Diane. “The Chronological History of the Two Mary Elizabeth Rosencrantz Women,” 2002.

Bischoff, Henry. “The Early History of the Friends of the Hermitage,” 2002.

___. “Early Years of the Hermitage Property, 1743–1762,” 1999.

___. “The Friendship of Theodosia Prevost and Aaron Burr, 1777–1781,” 2001.

___. “The Friendship of Theodosia Prevost and Aaron Burr after 1781,” 2001 

___. “The Hermitage Becomes the Rosencrantz Family Home,” 2002.

___. “The Prevost Family and The Hermitage,” 1999.

___. “Theodosia Prevost, The Hermitage and the American Revolution,” 2000.

___. “Theodosia Stillwell Bartow Prevost Burr,” 2000.

Brown, Marion. “Slaves, Immigrants and Workers at The Hermitage and in the Rosencrantz Cotton Mill,” 2002.

Cosgrove, Sean. “The Civil War, Bergen County, and The Hermitage,” n.d.

Demeter, Joanne. “Mary Elizabeth Rosencrantz II and The Hermitage.” Student paper, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ, 2001.

Geraghty, Christy. “The Real Bessie Rosencrantz.” Student paper, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, n.d.

Geraghty, Phyllis. “Bessie Grove Tyler: Family History,” n.d.

Hurst, Alec. “George Washington Stepped Here, July 10–July 14, 1778,” 2000. 

___. “Re Augustus James Frederick Prevost,”n.d.

Kern, Matthew. “The Life of Elijah Rosencrantz: The Hermitage, Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey.” Student paper, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ, 2000.

Le May, Moira. “William H. Ranlett,”n.d.

Martin, Gerrie. “Aunt Bess’ Mary Elizabeth Rosencrantz: Protector of The Hermitage.” Student paper, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ, 1998.

Nevins, Michael. “Dr. Elijah and Dr. John Rosencrantz: Medical Practice and Medical Education in Early 19th Century Bergen County,” 2001.

Norris, Peggy. “Early Development of Ridgewood and Its Relation to The Hermitage, 1850–1876,” 2002. 

Orosz, Robyn. “The Rosencrantz Family Mills.” Student paper, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ, 1998.

Powers, Sean. “Children’s Education in the Nineteenth Century: A Study Using Materials from Bergen County’s The Hermitage.” Student paper, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ, n.d.

Rego,Rebecca. “The Rosencrantz Family Library: A Case Study of Fiction Reading in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.” Student paper, Drew University, Madison, NJ, 2000.

Rice, Stephen. “The Rosencrantz Cotton Mill,” n.d.

Whitaker, Kelly. “The Hermitage: A Historical Insight.” Student paper, Ramapo College, Mahwah, NJ, 2001.

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